What was Mark Twain’s real name?
What year was he born in?
What town did he grow up in?
What did he witness as a child?
Violence that led to his strong opinions against slavery.
What were all related to Twain’s childhood?
Tom Sawyer, St. Petersburg, and Huck Finn
What side of the civil war did Twain serve in?
Although a highly successful writer, what always plagued Twain?
Debt and personal struggles including the loss of his wife and 3 of his four children.
Where did Twain move? Where did tom plan on going with huck at the end of the book?
Out west to mine gold?
What were Twain’s key works
“The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calavares County” (1865)
•Travel Journals: “Innocents Abroad”, “Roughing It”, “A Tramp Abroad”
•The Adven. of Tom Sawyer (1876) and Huck Finn (1884)-
•The Prince and the Pauper-
•A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889)-
THE ADVENTURES OF HUCK FINN
About a boy and runaway slave escaping to freedom on Mississippi River who end up finding themselves
•Huck ends up looking up to Jim as a father figure •Tom is symbol of white supremacy (sadistic games he plays on Jim+Huck near the end)
•Huck and Jim run away from culture of white supremacy
It exist everywhere (but on the river!) •Satire on southern culture
– Shepherdsons and Grangerfords mocked blood feud •Fighting for something they can’t even remember – Buck is supposedly higher class than Huck, but Huck is still more educated – Royal Nonesuch’s act to try and fool several towns with similar ploys
Ernest Hemingway quote
“All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn”
What does the river in Huck Finn represent?
Freedom/ Utopia- Huck+Jim unencumbered by society’s ugliness + hypocrisy
What does Huck say before setting out for western territories?
“Aunt Sally she’s going to adopt me and sivilize me, and I can’t stand it”
PT Barnum Quote
“The Royal Nonesuch”/ The Duke and the Dauphin- “There’s a sucker born every minute” (PT Barnum). Herd mentality (LEMMINGS)
The Gilded Age
Everything is empty. Too much materialism. Social Darwinism.
Qualities of Tom Sawyer
childish behavior, fantastical scheming at the end- treats Jim like a plaything
The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calavares County
1865)- first successful publication. Reflects Twain’s love of small-time cons, quirky Americana
“Innocents Abroad”, “Roughing It”, “A Tramp Abroad”
Perceptive (and cynical) observations of American and European culture.
The Adven. of Tom Sawyer (1876) and Huck Finn
(1884)- The first based on Twain’s own (mischievous) childhood; the latter a sequel, thrusting Tom’s sidekick into the starring role, evolving from children’s adventure/ escapism to something well beyond “kid stuff” (despite Tom’s efforts to the contrary near the end!)
The Prince and the Pauper
-two physically identical boys from COMPLETE opposite ends of the social spectrum. Harsh critique of social inequality
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889)-
Fantasy/ time-travel adventure. Satire of the dysfunctional and self-serving nature of American politics of the time. Use of Camelot setting serves as foil to graft, cronyism, special interests of Twain’s day (as he dubbed it, “The Gilded Age”).