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Buddhism

Four Sights
The inspiration to become a monk for Siddhartha the Budda, crippled man, a diseased man, a decaying corpse

ascetic
A person who renounces material comforts to live a self-disciplined life

Bodhi tree
At the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya where Siddhartha the Buddha arrived at enlightenment

Mahayana Buddhism
means the great ox cart

pala dynasty
empire that controlled the Indian subcontinent

dalai lama
head ot tibetan buddhism who was the spiritual and political leader of Tibet

lamas
teachers and heads of monasteries

tantric
words to describe Hindu literature written in Sanskrit

Anatma
buddhist doctrine of “no soul” or “not self”

Arhat
sanskrit for worthy one

true
t/f: center of the Buddhist beliefs is the Four Noble Truths

true
t/f: the Four Noble Truth beliefs and practices are at the heart of Buddhism

false
t/f: the first Four Noble truths is “the cause of suffering is desire”

true
the first Noble Eightfold Path is the right of understanding which is basically the summation of the Four Noble Truths

true
t/f: monks can’t ask for food

true
t/f: monks and nun’s rules are pretty much the same

false
t/f: the biggest sacred time for Buddhists is the Elephant Festival

true
t/f: meditation is a way of transforming the mind

false
t/f: meat and fish are eaten by people in Theravada and Mahayana schools of buddhism

true
t/f: buddhists don’t pray to a creator god

true
t/f: pagodas are sacred temples

false
t/f: puja has four different important components

true
t/f: Buddhists must pay 5 times every day

true
t/f: Vesak celebrates th ebirth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha

false
t/f: Vesak is on the first moon day in January

true
t/f: Buddhist meditation associates with religion and philosophy

false
t/f: There are fifteen things needed to pay as a Buddhist

false
t/f: Buddhism was founded 3,500 years ago

false
t/f: today there are around 100 milion people that practice it

true
t/f: rituals such as mantras and meditation are foundational to understanding Buddhist practices

true
t/f: in Buddhism, mantras are sacreds sounds that are believed to possess supernatural powers

true
t/f: the word mantra in Sanskrit means “that which protects the mind”

false
t/f: Buddhism has no major symbols

true
t/f: the Tripitaka is the earlist collection of Buddhist teaching

true
t/f: nirvana means to extinguish or to blow out

true
t/f: four sights is the inspiration to become a monk

false
t/f: a Bodhi tree is a small tree that they worship

true
t/f: middle way is the Buddhist teaching of the liberation from samsara

false
t/f: dharma is the Sanskrit meaning to believe

true
t/f: Nirvana refers to the extinction of suffering, impermanence, delusion, and all that keeps the life cycle going

false
t/f: the three sights is the inspiration to become a monk for Siddhartha

Bodhi Tree
the largest tree in the world, gives Buddhists life

Middle Way
Buddhist teaching that liberation from samsara comes through neither ascetical practices nor wild induglences

false
t/f: sangha is the name Buddhists use for the saints of their religion

true
t/f: relics are items of religious devotion

false
t/f: dharma is the name of Buddhist scriptures

true
t/f: lamas are the teachers/heads of monasteries in Tibetan Buddhism

false
t/f: the Dalai Lama is the Buddhist’s version of Jesus

true
t/f: tripitaka means three baskets and also is known as Pali Canon

false
t/f: pali canon is the group of Buddhist teachers

true
t/f: Lotus Sutra isa Mahayana Buddhist sect where Enlightenment is made available not only to onastics but to all becuase of the great compassion of bodhisattvas

false
t/f: Tantric is a word to describe Buddhist literature in the Christian bible

false
t/f: in Buddhism there are six precepts

true
t/f: one purpose of Buddhism is to be awakened or enlightened about which is real

false
t/f: the two major branches of Buddhism are Thervada and Siddhartha

false
t/f: the Vinaya Pitka is the code of monastic discipline for monks and nuns which contains 311 rules for monks and 227 for nuns

true
t/f: the three jewels are considered the core of Buddhism

true
t/f: both Christianity and Buddhism have strong, vibrant monastic traditions

false
t/f: one of the most popular scriptures in Mahayana Buddism is the pali canon

true
t/f: buddhists have no specific life cycle ceremonies for birth and marriage, but they do have funeral rituals

true
t/f: the head of Tibetan Buddhism who was also the spiritual leader is the Dalai Lama

true
t/f: relics are items of religious devotion, especially a piece of the boyd or personal items of an important religious figure

false
t/f: all of the major branches of Buddhism share sacred scriptures

false
t/f: according to Theravada Buddhism, an ascetic refers to one who has attained Nirvana in their present lifetime, thus liberated from the cycle of rebirth

false
t/f: there is no one person attributed to the founding of Buddhism

true
t/f: Buddhism comes from the Sanskirt word budhi meaning to “wake up”

true
t/f: The time period when Gupta Empire ruled India was 240-550 CE

true
t/f: Buddhism spanned much of Asia in the first centuries of existence

false
t/f: Buddhism cannot be traced back to a founder

true
t/f: Puja is the routine worship for Buddhists

false
t/f: Budhdists have a set schedule of prayer that they follow everyday

true
t/f: Meditation is very important to every part of Buddhism

false
t/f: Buddhism does not hvae any roots in Hinduism

Northern India
where did Buddhism start?

Dalai lama
who is the spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism?

Noble Eightfold path
understanding the four noble truths leads to what?

moral action, meditation, and wisdom
three main practices that categorize the Noble Eightfold Path

sanga, dharma, and Buddha
three jewels of Buddhism

Buddha
founder of Buddhism

sangha
buddhist community of monks and nuns

dharma
the teacehing of buddha

pala dynasty
the empire that controlled the indian subcontinent from teh 8th to the 12th centuries

Bodhisattva
a being that compassionately refrains from entering nirvana to save others

Tripitaka
means three baskets

Siddhartha Guatama
the origin of Buddhism begins with the birth of

India
where did Buddhism have its first great strides

four noble truths
what is the center of all buddhist beliefs

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Hi, I am Sara from Studymoose

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